Studying the Effectiveness of Fire Service Vertical Ventilation and Suppression Tactics

Effectiveness of Fire Service Vertical Ventilation and Suppression Tactics in Single Family Homes Report Released

July 1, 2013

Report Cover Page showing the title and a photo of firefighters suppressing a structure fire

The UL Firefighter Safety Research Institute (FSRI) released its scientific report based on the 2010 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Assistance to Firefighter Grant Program – Fire Prevention and Safety Grants project “Study of the Effectiveness of Fire Service Vertical Ventilation and Suppression Tactics in Single Family Homes.”

Researchers conducted a series of 17 full-scale residential structure fires to examine fire dynamics and the impact of firefighter ventilation and suppression tactics. This fire research project generated the experimental data needed to quantify the fire behavior associated with these scenarios.

“Two years of teamwork went into the creation of this report. I would like to thank everyone that contributed, especially our fire service technical panel that made this study pertinent. The results of this study provide the fire service with data that shows the impact of vertical ventilation and suppression tactics. It does not say whether or not to conduct vertical ventilation, but what may happen when you make that tactical decision,” said UL FSRI Director Steve Kerber.

This report highlights the research results based on these objectives:

  • Improve firefighter safety by providing an enhanced understanding of ventilation (naturally induced and as a firefighting tactic) in residential structures.
  • Demonstrate the impact of changes in residential construction such as those created by open floor plans on fire behavior.
  • Increase firefighter knowledge of the impact of different suppression techniques on conditions throughout a structure.
  • Develop tactical considerations based on the experimental results that can be incorporated into firefighting standard operating guidelines.

Access the report here.  

Relevant Resources:

RESOURCE #1: Effectiveness of Fire Service Vertical Ventilation and Suppression Tactics in Single Family Homes project page

RESOURCE #2: Effectiveness of Fire Service Vertical Ventilation and Suppression Tactics in Single Family Homes online course